Grammar: Will and Won’t

One of my language partners @AlejandroJimenez gave me an interesting tip this week about something useful he learnt recently.

The use of “I will” and “I won’t” are usually used in Spanish to express your intentions.

For example: “I will/won’t go to work today.” 

However, you can also use this expression to declare your strong feelings about a decision that you have made.

For example:
A: “You must go to work today, no matter how much you hate your boss.”
B: “I will not.” OR “I won’t.” (contraction)

Or you can also use it as a promise:

A: “Are you going to study English this weekend?”
B: “I will.” – NOTE: Promises like this are NOT contracted (I’ll). You must use the full words.

I really want to post about issues that plague English learners. For this reason I’m keen to hear from you about what you need help with. Also, just like Alejandro, I’d love to know what useful facts you have learnt recently that may be useful to others. Comment below with what you want me to post about!

Peace out,

The Cookie Chef

 

7 comments

  • I would like that you could to talk us about the pharasel verbs , they are difficults for Spanish speakers because in the Spanish language there aren’t verbs like those.

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    • Great idea, Cesar. A lot of people tell me the same thing. I’ll take a look into that this week and maybe I’ll do a whole week of phrasal verb lessons!

      Like

  • Me encanta tu blog. Tengo una pregunta. Últimamente estoy viendo series y películas en inglés y me llama mucho la atención el uso de will/won’t en el pasado. Por ejemplo:

    – I had to enter the room through the window ‘cuz the door won’t open.
    – I went to talk to him about our fight but he won’t talk to me.

    Me resulta muy extraño este uso. ¿Me lo podrían explicar?
    Gracias.

    Like

    • Hi Tomas, great question! Using will and won’t in conjunction with past tense is only if the situation continues.

      In your first example, the window has not been fixed, and the speaker is specifying that it will not open in the present.

      In your second example, the fact that “he won’t talk to me” is still in present, that gives me the impression that you did not resolve the fight after the talk, and he still won’t talk to you. To be honest, for clarity I would add the word “still” (Supongo que es como “Todavia”:

      “I went to talk to him about our fight, but he STILL won’t talk to me.”

      Does that clear things up for you?
      CC

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  • Saludos!

    Me encanta leer sus publicaciones. Aunque mi ingles no es bueno y ahora estoy practicando a diario, puedo entender lo que escribe. Conocí este blog en la aplicación de HT, y desde hace varios días saco un tiempo para leer sus publicaciones. Le felicito por el tiempo que dedica a compartir estos temas. Muchas veces malgastamos el tiempo en tonterías en la internet, pero cuando se trata de crecer como personas y adquirir madurez, tenemos que dejar a un lado todas las distracciones y dedicar tiempo de estudio a lo que edifica y nos instruye. Esto es uno de ellos.

    Tengo muchas dudas, pues estoy comenzando a sumergirme en el idioma ingles. Pero si fuese posible que escribieran un tema relacionado a la diferencia entre el uso de “can”, ” could”, “will” and “would” le estaré muy agradecido. He leído un poco sobre ello pero aun me quedan unas lagunas por aclarar y comprender. Le estaré muy agradecido.

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    • Hi Jose, I’m so glad that you have found this blog and I hope that it helps you. It’s great that you are immersing yourself in English, that’s the best way to learn. If you work hard and practise a little every day, you will improve without even noticing!

      Your confusion about “can/could/will/would” is very common and a very good question as it’s not so easy to explain. I love a challenge! Let me add this topic to my list and “stay tuned!” (significa “Manténganse al tanto”)

      CC

      Like

  • Hey chef, I always had problems with specially versus especially , very difficult for me to distinguish its use. And when to use: for + verb + ing or to + verb. thanks.

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