Grammar: Continuous verbs (“-ing”)
Forming continuous verbs is fairly easy, because the form is always the same:
verb + ing
However the words that come before this verb change, depending on who you are referring to. Below is a list of the ways to use continuous tense.
|Subject||am/are/is/etc||Negative form||Continuous Verb|
|I||am (I’m)||am not (I’m not)||eating|
|You||are (You’re)||are not (You’re not)||eating|
|They||are (They’re)||are not (They’re not)||eating|
|We||are (We’re)||are not (We’re not)||eating|
|He||is (He’s)||is (He isn’t)||eating|
|She||is (She’s)||is (She isn’t)||eating|
|It||is (It’s)||is (It isn’t)||eating|
|For example: I can’t talk right now because I’m eating dinner.|
|I/he/she/it||was||was not (wasn’t)||eating|
|all others||were||were not (weren’t)||eating|
|For example: She cried whilst she was eating the ice cream.|
|All||will be||will not be (won’t be)||eating|
|For example: We will be eating out at a restaurant for her birthday tomorrow.|
|Perfect Present Continuous|
|I/You/We/They||have been||have not been (haven’t been)||eating|
|He/She/It||has been||has not been (hasn’t been)|
|For example: He has been eating nothing but fast food for a week.|
|Perfect Past Continuous|
|All||had been||had not been (hadn’t been)||eating|
|For example: They had been eating breakfast when they heard the earthquake.|
Now for an exercise!
Answer the blanks, using the tense listed in the brackets. (Hint – some are negative)
- The mother was angry because the children ______ (Past continuous) jumping on the bed.
- We _____ (present continuous) going to the party tonight, because we ______ (future continuous) working tomorrow.
- John ______ (past perfect continuous) on vacation in Spain when he met Maria.
- Ever since Carol became a vegetarian, she ______ (perfect present continuous) eating meat.
Comment below with these answers!